Calvert, S. L., Rideout, V. J., Woolard, J. L., Barr, R. F., & Strouse, G. A. (2005). Age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic patterns in early computer use. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(5), 590–607.
Abstract
Parents were interviewed about the media habits of their 6-month to 6-year-old children. For children who had used computers, linear increases in computer usage occurred across this age range with a shift from using a computer on a parents laptop at about age 2 1/2 to autonomous computer and mouse use at about age 3 1/2/ there were almost no gender differences in early computer patterns. Families with higher incomes and higher education levels were more likely to use computers and to have Internet access from home. Latino families were least likely to own a computer; Latino and African American families were less likely than Caucasian families to have Internet access at home. Parents perceived computers favorably for children's learning. No relationship was found between the frequency with which children play computer games and the likelihood that they can read, but increased non game computer use was associated with increased likelihood of reading.
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